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Doktorand, kickboxare och cricketspelare

Nabil Muhammed föddes i Libyen, växte upp i Bangladesh och flyttade till Sverige för att ta en masterexamen i medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Idag är han doktorand på JMG och forskar om hur nyhetsmedier rapporterar om hämndporr som en form av kvinnohat på nätet.

Photos and text: Kovuuri G. Reddy

WWW, computers, (smart) mobile phones {cell phone and MySpace have met rigor mortis}, social media, apps, emerged and emerging ICTs have enlarged the public sphere, and connected more people. The way information and entertainment (infotainment) is sourced and delivered in 21st century is also primarily digital: online.

The internet has benefitted many but in some ways its impact is not so endurable. The evils of first and second millennium are manifesting in the third millennium in the cyberworld/online/digital platforms: cyber wars, crimes, bullying, harassment, digital assassinations, maligning people, indulging in revenge tactics (and revenge porn) by using a form of digital content among others. As the reality of merits and demerits of internet have become tangible, the need for research in many areas have become pertinent to find solutions.

Nabil Muhammad is researching on a topic that is manifesting on social media and on the platforms of the internet: news representation of online misogyny - How news (media) is representing online gender harassment.

3 continents and 3 disciplines

Nabil Muhammed was born in Libya (Africa), raised in Bangladesh (Asia) and studied Master’s in Media studies in Sweden (Europe), and has visited the USA as part of research. His educational background started with sciences in senior secondary education (12th class or A levels or gymnasium) but shifted to Liberal Arts (Humanities) in graduation and moved to social sciences in post-graduation. The exposure to countries and continents, and education in different disciplines has given him a perspective to think and comprehend about the world in an objective manner shunning judgements and prejudices and not getting carried away with personal and sheer empirical conclusions.

One of the PhD scholars at JMG, University of Gothenburg (Göteborgs universitet), Nabil has started research on a challenging and complex topic related to online culture, media, and news media. The impact of his research findings (doctoral thesis) is likely to shed light on aspects of news representation of gender in general and of harassments specifically; especially in the Developed and Developing countries where there is freedom of speech and vibrant media unless reined in by a law.

Cricketer, Studious Student,
Explorer, Academics

As a teenager, Nabil was not only at high school but also a professional cricketer! At a cricket academy in Bangladesh, he was playing cricket in the company of would-be national and international cricketers. At one of point of time, he was spending equal amount of time for sleep and cricket. Attention to education slid to secondary place, but in the final year of graduation he realised that it ‘was taking too long to make to happen to that level’ in cricket, and chose to pay attention to his studies. He wanted to be a sports journalist. Thus, he studied media, and also entered into filmmaking (worked as a screenwriter). The thirst to experience different cultures and the hunger to learn other media practices brought him to Sweden.


JMK at Stockholm University and JMG at University of Gothenburg are the premier journalism and media institutes in Scandinavia (and the Nordics). Nabil was awarded a scholarship to study Master’s in Media Studies at Stockholm University, and subsequently won a place to pursue research as a PhD scholar at JMG, University of Gothenburg.

Nabil’s Master’s thesis at Stockholm University proved to be one of the merits to gain entry into the PhD programme apart from academic accomplishments and personal attributes. He says: “I am totally aligned with the research interests of JMG. It is focusing a lot on gender and media, and some of the professors researching in this field, I think, I could learn from their research, and also personally.” He gives credit to the JMG for providing unparalleled support to PhD candidates such as to attend conferences, constant supervision, and in organizing in-house seminars.

Research: Revenge Porn

Tackling a topic that is hardly discussed but manifests on media platforms as form of reportage and perpetrated by digital users is challenging Nabil’s abilities but he is delving deep into the subject. Employing qualitative research techniques (thematic analysis, discourse analysis and descriptive statistics), he has started research. The area of research is relatively unexplored but few people in the world have started to work albeit smacks of ‘extensive empirical study in the field’.

One of the merits of social media is the kind of access it gives to a user of Facebook, or Twitter, or YouTube, or Instagram – access to disparate audience transcending barriers of borders and shackles of censorship. This could also be a demerit, because one can use an online platform to vilify or malign someone – such as sharing (posting / publishing) a photo or a video. Who shares such a content? Could be a jilted partner, someone spurred by jealousy, for backbiting among others.

The target of revenge porn is to embarrass the person in their social (colleagues, family, friends) and online spheres – the public sphere of an individual in the 21s century.

Is it a daunting topic? Nabil says: “As a male researcher, I find it challenging because it is framed as a gender problem, from the word go in media, in academia, everywhere. So, being a male researcher it is always challenging to work in this field because you really have to be careful about your readers or audiences – about, what you are talking about. You can be easily misinterpreted just because of your own gender and theoretical conceptions about yourself.” He is determined to ‘to make it is as simple as possible’ in his dissertation but acknowledges ‘it is a complex issue… because all of the works are coming from feminist framework’.

Life in Gothenburg

Will it be a big cultural difference to move from Stockholm to Gothenburg? Not really but one can miss something and gain something else. Nabil exudes: “Of course, I miss Stockholm. I spent four years in Sweden in Stockholm, and then for the last one and a half years I am in Gothenburg. So, obviously there is a big cultural difference and technological differences…if you think if you are cosmopolitan person.” He believes Gothenburg is irresistible not to like because of its parks and open areas such as Slottskogen and Botanical Garden. He is particularly endeared to the ‘calmness and slowness’ in life here unlike in Stockholm where there is rush in every sphere of life.

Nabil spares time for playing cricket, practising kickboxing, filmmaking, and KRAV MAGA (Israeli martial arts). To meet people and experience cultures makes him to get out of his spheres of life, and adds a dimension to his critical thinking and for critical appraisal about many aspects of life in and around: online and offline.

Sidansvarig: Mats Ekström|Sidan uppdaterades: 2017-03-27

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